* Umpires? reports suggest that consistency of bounce is the most valued characteristic in a pitch - refer "Pitch Properties and Performance?
* development of turn later in the match This slide shows bounce from the side view (strikers end) Although the bounce may be low on some pitches - it can still be consistent
* Can be a result of the pitch - which should normally be consistent throughout the match
* If a fast bowler bowls a slower ball
* It will not carry as far
* Good pace good carry
Slow pace poor carry
Pace is the degree to which a ball is slowed on impact with the pitch
* Research has shown that umpires are unable to compare the pace of pitches directly, and umpires? assessments of pace are based primarily on "ball carry?. This conclusion is drawn from the observation that umpires? assessments of bounce and pace are correlated with each other.
* Worth mentioning that PACE is not a category included in the pitch marking form as pace cannot be assessed with accuracy by umpires
* Results from reported research (Pitch Properties and Performance) suggest the ball will slow between 93 & 85% on pitching
* Some batmen describe bowlers who appear to generate "pace off the pitch" - This a subjective statement and will be influenced by the skill and action of the bowler
* This is impossible due to friction which will slow the ball down to a greater or lesser degree when it bounces on the pitch surface
* The greater the friction the more the ball will lose pace on contact with the pitch Pace is influenced by:
* Soil moisture
* Newness/hardness of the ball
* Pitch hardness - ability of the pitch to "deform? under impact
* Grass cover and leaf colour - fresh green leaf will reduce friction - hence green pitch may be called a "seamers pitch?
* Bowler trajectory - a low trajectory delivery may after bouncing, appear to "hurry on? to the bat
* Good carry - Red line - where the ball normally "thumps? into the keepers gloves and keeper/slips will need to stand farther back
* Poor carry - falling short of the keeper - blue line - requiring the keeper/slips to stand closer
* Excessive movement and spin
* Consider the ability of the bowler
* Marking "spin" or "turn" is the most controversial section of the form
* Desirable that pitches should begin to take spin as matches progress because it increases the range of bowling talents that can be exploited.
* A bare or lightly grassed pitch surface has a greater friction with the ball than a tightly grassed surface but the difference is not large.
* Tightness of grass cover is probably not of direct importance to turn - but the surface of pitches with light cover is more likely to become damaged by wear so there is an indirect effect.
* Superficial surface damage is the key to increasing turn
* Because good spin bowers at Premier league level will turn the ball - it does necessarily indicate a poor pitch. Bowlers vary in their ability to impart spin onto the ball
* Pitch dryness will provide more friction to the ball = more turn
* Spin bowlers look for pace and good bounce to help them take wickets
* A damp surface will normally encourage a loopy and slow bounce, and the ball will "bite" - but such pitches are normally slow
* So much so that the game become unfair and may lead to injury
Excessive means "To Much"
Mark how it plays not how it looks
* Movement off the seam can be difficult to mark!
The key issue here is that any movement of the ball should be as a result of the quality of the bowler. Always take into consideration the newness of the ball, any slope across the pitch, and prevailing atmospheric conditions. All of these factors may influence the amount of movement.
It.s usual for the new ball to move around at the start of play. At Premier league level good opening bowlers using a new ball will get movement in the air and off the seam, especially in English conditions. But this will usually reduce as the ball gets older and softer, and the shine goes.
The pitch may even have a slope across the line of play that can influence sideways movement.
Skilled spinners can turn the ball even on a flat surface, and as it wears they will gain extra friction to help the ball bite and turn.
These factors don.t necessarily mean the pitch is poor in any way or that it should be marked down. There is nothing wrong with a pitch that affords some degree of turn. It is impossible to quantify the amount that a ball is "allowed¡" to turn as bowlers will turn the ball differing amounts. In no circumstances should the pitch .'explode'.
The "Doctored" Pitch
* There have been comments by Umpires that some pitches may be 'Doctored' to assist the home bowlers
* Umpires can only mark the pitch as it plays
* Pitches consistently given poor marks should be investigated by the respective league
Marking Categories and Criteria
* Pitch marking aims to improve the quality of pitches in premier leagues, and the role of umpires in this process is very important
* By identifying poor pitches that allow the league management committees to identify clubs that are playing on underperforming pitches and take action –it is not meant to be used a stick to beat the clubs but as a support mechanism to assist the clubs by offering them help in pitch management
* Ultimately however continuing poor performance may result in a loss of points or even demotion from the premier league